Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Relevance of Behavioral Psychology to Instructional...

The Relevance of Behavioral Psychology to Instructional Technology Behavioral Psychology Defined John Watson wrote a paper in the Psychological Review in 1913 and defined behavioral psychology or behaviorism as †¦a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods, nor is the scientific value of its data dependent upon the readiness with which they lend themselves to interpretation in terms of consciousness. The behaviorist in his efforts to get a unitary scheme of animal response recognizes no dividing line between man and brute (Reynolds, Sinatra, Jetton 95). Essentially Watson’s views supported the†¦show more content†¦Lastly the concept of functionalism states when people think or act they do so for a purpose or function(Alberto Troutman 30). Thus behavioral psychology becomes a science emphasizing a practical and observable approach (Alberto Troutman 30). There are many behavioral psychologists that have contributed to the field. John Watson’s definition provided the foundation for Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner. Their work has been extremely beneficial to the development of psychology and education. Ivan Pavlov earned a Nobel Peace Price for his research on respondent conditioning. It was by chance that this discovery was made. He was studying the behavior of dogs in his laboratory. If his assistant who fed the dogs came into the laboratory when Pavlov was studying the dog’s stomach, the dog began to secrete gastric liquids, just as if they had been given food. Pavlov deemed this a psychic secretion and noted that this reaction affected the whole digestive system, starting with the flow of saliva in the mouth as well as the secretion of acids in the stomach(Alberto Troutman 31). His peers discouraged him from pursuing this research, but he continued. His experiment involving the dogs included pairing food powder (which starts salivation-an automatic reflex) with a tone or noise that would normally have no affect on a dog’sShow MoreRelatedChildhood Obesity Essay976 Words   |  4 Pageslecture style, core information with the learning styles and technology skills of today’s 21st century learners, the Net Generation. Twenty-first century learners are digital learners. They want activity rather than lecture and they look to the internet for information that can be accessed 24/7/365. Computer programs and instruction give most students twenty-four hour access and allow for the assimilation of INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY WITH NUTRITION EDUCATION Read MoreChapter 6 : Programmed Instruction Essay2242 Words   |  9 Pagesdefining instructional objectives in behavior terms, developing of criterion test, subject matter analysis 5. Development of programs-designing of frames, prompting, format and thematic sequencing of frames INTRODUCTION: Programmed instruction or programmed learning is one of the important innovations in the teaching-learning process. Programmed instruction is a carefully specified, systematically planned, empirically established, skillfully arranged and effectively controlled self-instructional techniqueRead MoreCurriculum Development- Let Review9921 Words   |  40 Pagesincludes the different planned activities implemented in class to realize the objectives and goals of the written curriculum with the guidance of the teacher. This curriculum varies depending on the students’ learning styles and the teachers’ instructional style. 4. Supported Curriculum – refers to the material resources that will support or help in the implementation of the written curriculum – such as computers, textbooks, laboratory equipment, audio-visual materials, playground, fieldtrips, etcRead MoreLearning Design For An Online Course2165 Words   |  9 Pagesmandatory training provides employees with tools on how to handle workplace violence from both internal staff and customers. The content will be broken down into six modules presented using a LMS. The course will be utilizing Keller’s ARCS (Attention, Relevance, Confidence and Satisfaction) model to motivate learners throughout the training (Kellar, 2002). In order to maintain the learners attention training videos and powerpoints with voice over will be utilized. The blog and activity where employeesRead MoreDisadvantages Of Distance Education3790 Words   |  16 Pagesgeographical locations to share a learning space (Grant, Lee, 2014). Often, the diverse student body with fluctuating student needs and the elements of an online course environment have led to increased dropout rates across compelling the review of instructional practices in online settings (Lee, Choi, 2011;2010; Xu, D., Jaggars, 2013). 1.1 Online Course Design and Moore’s Transactual Distance Theory Current course design applies traditional text-based instruction and lecture styles, where studentsRead MoreCritical Thinking - Literature Review12815 Words   |  52 PagesCritical Thinking: A Literature Review Research Report Emily R. Lai June 2011 CRITICAL THINKING 1 About Pearson Pearson, the global leader in education and education technology, provides innovative print and digital education materials for pre-K through college, student information systems and learning management systems, teacher licensure testing, teacher professional development, career certification programs, and testing and assessment products that set the standard for the industry. Pearson’sRead MoreThe Benefits of Progress Monitoring and Assessment on Pupil Performance16691 Words   |  67 Pageseducation 12 2.1.6 Types of progress monitoring 12 2.2 Steps in progress monitoring 14 2.2.1 Benchmarking 14 2.2.2 Determining the Goal 14 2.2.3 Data collection 15 2.2.4 Data representation 16 2.2.5 Evaluation of data 16 2.2.6 Possible instructional adjustments 16 2.2.7 Communicating with parents 17 2.3 Comparing pupil performance 17 2.3.1 Comparing the progress of a pupil 17 2.3.2 Flow chart for progressive monitoring of a specific pupil 19 2.4 Purposes of Progress monitoring andRead MoreEssay on Business Communication Quarterly 2013 F5948 Words   |  24 Pagesself-control, emotionality, and sociability were statistically significant predictors and well-being was not. There are two potential reasons for this result. First, while the participants of this study believed that they had high control over their behavioral urges, a wide range of emotional skills, and social influence, it may be that they felt uncertain about the success of their past social interactions because these other traits and abilities have suddenly emerged. This sudden emergence of untestedRead MoreUnderstanding Of Fidelity Research As A Comprehensive Approach On The Whole School Whole Child ( Wswc ) Model And8040 Words   |  33 Pagescomplementary interim benchmarks o DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) Selection + Substitution This occurs when local implementation meets all core component criteria, though an alternate program/product is requested or approved by our partner due to relevance and/or investment. The City Year Fluency Intervention Framework mentioned above is obviously not the only intervention program used across the network. In FY11, teams across the network also used programs like Great Leaps and BURST!. These fluency-focusedRead MoreStrategic Sourcing at China6624 Words   |  27 Pagesmanagement policies are encouraged to send inquiries to: support@neuroleadership.org RESEARCH Learning that lasts through AGES Dr. Lila Davachi, Dr. Tobias Kiefer, Dr. David Rock and Lisa Rock Lila Davachi, Assistant Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, New York University lila.davachi@nyu.edu Tobias Kiefer, Director, Global Learning Development, Booz Company tobias.kiefer@booz.com David Rock, CEO, NeuroLeadership Group International, Sydney, Australia Faculty, CIMBA Director

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Ideas for Celebrating Student Birthdays in School

Teachers celebrate many special days in their classrooms throughout the school year, but birthdays are a special celebration and teachers should make it special for each student. Here are a few ideas for celebrating student birthdays  in the classroom. Birthday Placemats, Balloons, and Covers Make your students day even more special by placing a birthday placemat on their desk. When students enter the classroom everyone will know whos birthday it is by looking at the desks. For an added touch you can attach a brightly colored balloon to the back of the students seat, and cover their chair with a birthday chair cover. All About Me Poster When you know its one of your students birthdays coming up have that child create a special all about me poster. Then, on the day of their birthday, have them share their poster with the class. Birthday Questions Each time it is someones birthday in the class each student gets to ask the birthday student a question from the flower pot. For directions on how to make the flower pot and a downloadable question bank visit Fun For First. Birthday Graph Celebrate birthdays in your classroom by having students create a birthday graph! During the first week of school as a class create a birthday graph that will pose as the birthday bulletin board. Above each month, put the students birthday. Birthday Bags Every child loves getting presents on the birthday! So here is an idea that will not break the bank. At the beginning of the school year go to the nearest Dollar Store and purchase the following items: Cellophane bags, pencils, erasers, candy, and a few trinkets. Then make a birthday bag for each student. This way when their birthday comes around, you will already be prepared. You can even print out cute labels that say Happy Birthday with their name in it. The Birthday Box To create a birthday box all you have to do is cover a shoe box with birthday wrapping paper and place a bow on the top of it. In this box place a birthday certificate, pencil, eraser, and/or any small trinket. When students enter the classroom have each person make the birthday girl or boy a birthday card (this goes in the box too). Then at the end of the day when its time to celebrate give the student their birthday box. Birthday Wish Book Celebrate each students birthday by having the class create a birthday wish book. In this book have each student fill out the following information: Happy Birthday, _____My birthday wish for you on your birthday is _______If I could give you a gift I would give you _______The thing I like the best about you is ______Have a great day! From _______ Once students have filled out their page for the book have them draw a picture. Then assemble all of the pages into a book for the birthday student to take home. Mystery Gift A fun gift to give to students on their birthday is a mystery bag. Purchase one or more items (the dollar store has great cheap gifts for kids) and wrap the items up in different colored tissue paper. Choose dark colors so the student cannot see what is inside. Then place the gifts into a basket and allow the student to choose whichever gift they want.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

drugs and alcohol on college students - 1105 Words

Nichole Angell English 102 Bonnie Erwin Research Plan Bud and Brews Drugs and alcohol, do they have a significant impact on the lives of college students or just the ones that fall short to the influence? There is a major problem with students using and abusing these substances, not only does it have negative effects on the user, but on the user s friends and family as well. A lot of drugs and alcohol become easily available to college students over the course of their college years. What can be done to help prevent students from abusing drugs and alcohol? Overall, drugs and alcohol do have a serious effect on the lives of college students. In college it is extremely hard for some students to have self-control. According†¦show more content†¦Some could even argue that alcohol is the biggest gateway drug. A study from the University of Florida explains why they believe alcohol is a bigger gateway drug than marijuana. The study showed that substance use begins with the most sociably acceptable drugs, being alcohol and tobacco, then proceeds to marijuana use and lastly on to other illegal, harder drugs, like cocaine. Furthermore, students who used alcohol exhibited a significantly greater likelihood up to sixteen times of illicit and licit substance use. Alcohol is what s being put on a pedestal, so students seek it out. When majority of students drink, they binge drink. This is one of the worst ways to consume alcohol and have harsh side effects. Campuses do not realize how harmful this is to the student body and mind. There should be more programs to raise awareness and inform students of the effects of alcohol abuse. If peers, professors or other influential members of the community see a problem within a student they should be able to refer them to counseling and seek proper help needed. Peers do play an influential role in pressuring others to party and do drugs, especially roommates. Male students that consumed alcohol or abused drugs in high school that came to college and became roommates with ano ther male that was similar to them in high school could have negative effects on each other and are probable to increase their consumption intoShow MoreRelatedAlcohol And Drug Use Among College Students960 Words   |  4 PagesAlcohol and drug use among college students is viewed as innoxious fun which students take part in to get away from the stress of being a student. What begins as innocent fun can quickly lead to a self-destructive path. While often referred to as substance abuse, The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 redefined it as; Substance Use Disorders and explains it to be as a cluster of cognitive, behavioral and physiological symptoms which indicate that an individual continues to useRead MoreEssay on Alcohol and Drug Abuse Among College Students713 Words   |  3 PagesAlcohol and Drug Abuse Among College Students Alcohol and drug abuse has been an active habit among college students sense the 1960s. The immediate cause of this behavior was the youth’s need to rebel against the overly conservative American society. This rebellion led to a since of freedom for the young adults, which caused them to continue acting in these unintelligent manners. After a short period of time, late teens just did not belong if they were not participating in the mischievousRead MoreAlcohol Is The Number One Drug Used By College Students1798 Words   |  8 PagesAccording to research and statistics, alcohol is the number one drug used by college students. Most individuals do not label alcohol as a drug due to the way it is consumed, but when considering the negative side effects that accompany alcohol, the comparison of alcohol to drugs may not be that far of a stretch. Alcohol can not only be harmful to an individual’s external health but also their internal health as well. Consumption of alcoho l over a long period of time may result in negative side effectsRead MoreInformative Speech On Drug Abuse On Campus1125 Words   |  5 Pagesuse of drugs and alcohol has quadrupled in college students and more students are visiting hospitals than ever. B. Audience Relevance: Drugs is one of the major issues in our society these days. The usage of drugs on college campus has been a major issue throughout the country and it has effected a lot of people, not only the ones who became victim of the issue but also friends and families of those students got affected too. This issue results in the poor performance of the students and thenRead MoreDrug and alcohol violations on college campuses1285 Words   |  6 Pagesand Athlete students are involved with drugs and alcohol more than college students that are not part of Greek life or athletes. As of the peer pressure and the exposure exhibited in their surroundings does have an impact on their use of drugs and alcohol. For most students, they like to go to college to gain new opportunities to experience college life and to experiment with different things. The United States has over 7,000 higher education institutions and over 15 million students (Brain TrackRead MoreThe Use Of Drugs And Alcohol On College Campuses873 Words   |  4 Pages The use of drugs and alcohol on college campuses has always been a problem but the drastic increase in the amount of college students binge drinking and abusing prescription and illegal drugs from the early 90’s till now is becoming more alarming and has to be acted upon. American colleges have had a problem with alcohol abuse since the first colleges were created, but until recently college drinking has been ignored, and tolerated, although it is proven to have negative effects not only on theRead MoreEssay about drugs1091 Words   |  5 Pages Throughout history, America has been fighting against drug and alcohol abuse in teens and adults. Many ways companies and anti drug groups try to prevent drug and alcohol abuse is through education in school systems and out of school systems. They teach young students about drugs and alcohol before they risk being around them, and they teach older students about drugs while they are around in their daily lives. Are these education programs really necessary? That’s the question many people ask,Read MoreSubstance Abuse And Binge Drinking Essay1206 Words   |  5 PagesAbuse and Binge Drinking in Bryan College Station Substance abuse is a major problem that takes place on college campuses across the nation in today’s society. According to The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse half of all full-time college students binge drink, abuse prescription drugs and/ or abuse illegal drugs. This amounts to 3.8 million students. This research essay will be focusing on substance abuse in the Bryan College Station area among students, and what solutions AM representativesRead MoreDrug and Alcohol Use by Student Athletes Essay1057 Words   |  5 PagesDrug and Alcohol Use by Student Athletes The topic that I have chosen is student athletes use of drugs and alcohol. Im interested to see if the old theory that student athletes tend to stay away from these things still holds true today. From my own personal experience as a former high school and college football player, I doubt that this is true. Id also like to find some studies that may compare student athletes to the general student body to see if there is a correlation of usage betweenRead MoreAlcohol And Drugs And Their Effects On First Year Students1544 Words   |  7 PagesAlcohol and Drugs and their Effects on First-Year Students Alcohol has been a part of human society for millennia. It can be found in churches, gas stations, supermarkets, and nearly everywhere else. Drugs are becoming more ubiquitous as well, with the legalization of cannabis now active in some form in 25 states (Maciag â€Å"State†). However, no single place is more saturated with alcohol and drugs than the college campus. Despite the troves of research that have been done to give evidence that they

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Businesses to Comply With Environmental †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About the Businesses to Comply With Environmental? Answer: Introduction In the era of twenty-first centuries, the businesses have gone to another level of success as the various business operations of the organizations have evolved significantly. However, the environment of the earth has been paying for this evolution. One just cannot ignore the fact the business operation of the organizations have adverse effects on the environment, the societies and the people of the societies. These effects can be divided into two terms; they are Direct Effect and Indirect Effect. The present report is based on the provided case study of British Petroleum Limited, commonly known as BP. The provided case study indicates that BP is responsible for the damages they have brought to the environment and ecosystem (synergiz.fr 2017). Three major issues are there related to the BP. They are the effects of oil spill on the ecosystem of the oceans, lack of effort of the organization regarding the aquatic ecosystem and biodiversity of the control of risks and the lack of the str ucture of regulation for the barriers of renovation cost. Purpose of the Report A crucial factor is that BP harms the environment, society and ecosystem of the oceans and the company is unable to determine its renovation cost. Hence, the organizations have measured all the damages done by them on monetary basis. Major attention is put on the calculation of the worth of oil spill, as oil spill is a non-marketed product. For this reason, the government has held BP responsible to provide clean-up cost of the oil spill. A major aspect is that BP has not pictured the harm to the ecosystem caused by the company. Thus, the purpose of the report is to make BP alert about their various activities to damage the environment along with the oil-spill. Issues to be discussed and their significance The issues are as follows: The effects of oil spill on the ecosystem of the oceans The lack of effort of the organization regarding the aquatic ecosystem and biodiversity of the control of risks The lack of the structure of regulation for the determination of renovation cost. Research Method With the help of primary and secondary data, the above-identified problems can be analyzed. Researcher can go for telephonic or face-to-face interview in order to collect the primary data and to conduct qualitative analysis. On the other hand, the researcher can adopt the method of arranging online or offline questionnaire survey in order to conduct quantitative analysis. The various sources of secondary data are company websites, journals, articles, books and others. Limitations and Assumptions In order to make the analysis more effective, the researcher has to visit the place where the oil spill took place to gather correct information. For this, the researcher has to collect the data from the residents of Gulf. Another dependable source for collecting the data is the employees of BP with the help of questionnaire survey. It may happen that some of the participants will be reluctant to answer the question because of the nature and topic of the research. Hence, the researcher may have to face issues regarding the process of data collection. Literature Review Effects of Oil Spill on the Aquatic Ecosystem Oil spill can be refereed as pollution caused by various human activities (Avel 2014). Oil spills can be of two types. They are accidental oil spill and intentional oil spill and the type is determined based on the reasons of the oil spill. Different kinds of reasons are associated with accidental oil spill and hence they are called accidental oil spill. However, carelessness, negligence and ignorance are responsible for intentional oil spill. Both kinds of oil spills affect the aquatic ecosystem in a negative and adverse manner. BP is solely liable for the oil spill in Gulf region and it is the duty of the company to recognize the clean-up costs (Brennan 2013). However, the company is unwilling to disclose the amount of damage they have done in the oil spill. Due to the cause of the damage is oil spill, it is not easy to calculate the worth of the damage. It has been found that BP has calculated the worth of damage on the basis of money and time. Moreover, the company has not taken enough initiatives to appraise and assess the harm (Silliman et al. 2012). Lack of Service of Ecosystem for the Control of the Risks The faith of the stakeholders towards the company is noticeable as per the moral and ethical standard of BP (Gray, Adams and Owen 2014). Thus, it is the responsibility of the company to conserve the social wealth along with the ecological wealth. In addition, BP needs to introduce various kinds of important accounting standards regarding the environment in order to make the organization more responsible to the stakeholders of the company (Leifer et al. 2012). The customization of the environmental accounting standards is required as there is a relation among the ecosystem, environment and corporate agent. Every business operation of the organizations has adverse effect on the environment. For this reason, it is the responsibility of the organizations to introduce environmental accounting standards for healthy and balanced ecosystem (Passow et al. 2012). Lack of Regulation Structure to Determine Renovation Cost Most of the petroleum companies all over the world have to face severe level of penalty for damaging the ecological and social wealth by helping in the process of political bargaining (Kheroubi et al. 2016). This is not considered as the perfect process as it does not help in the process of recovering the damages done by the companies to the environment. In the process of evaluation of the associated risks, one cannot ignore the significance of process-oriented framework and it is for the betterment of the environment. The development of plans and the improvement of the security barriers are its main functions (Issacharoff and Rave 2013). In case of the oil spill, it has been found that the breakdown in the dictatorial agency is responsible for the oil spill. In addition, to judge the level of efforts that an organization is putting to restore the ecological assets, the divulge data of the organizations play an integral part. Hence, the lack in the regulation structure has an adverse effect on the determination of the renovation cost by the organizations. For this purpose, the process oriented environment framework is needed to protect the environment (Allan, Smith and Anderson 2012). Method Procedures In this particular research process, the researcher will adopt both types of methodologies and they are primary process and secondary process. Therefore, the researcher will distribute both online and offline questionnaire among the employees of BP and the residents of Gulf region. On the other hand, the researcher will gather the secondary information from various books, journal articles and the company website. Sample Size For this research process, the researcher will gather the primary data on a random basis from sample size. The Sample will consist of 200 residents of the Gulf region along with 70 employees of BP. The aim is to make the study simple and short. Selection Criteria In this research process, the researcher will adopt the simple techniques for the sampling process. In addition, in case of the selection of fixed samples, the random process technique will be applied. Hence, the researcher will incorporate the probability sampling technique. Discussion and Analysis of Data Effects of Oil Spill on the Aquatic Ecosystem Based on the data band information provided by the employees of BP at the time of questionnaire survey, it can be seen that various reasons exists behind the Gulf oil spill. The figure shows the different types of oil spills along with the percentage of occurrence. Figure 1: Oil Spill Types and their Occurrence Percentage (Source: bp.com 2017) The above pie chart shows that all the oil spills have their negative effect on the aquatic ecosystem. In addition, this process also increases the morality rate of the aquatic animals. Lack of Service of Ecosystem for the Control of the Risks Among the different kinds of oil spills, the occurrence of the accidental oil spills is common in the oceans. The lack in the adoption of the ecosystem services is considered as the main reason behind it. Ecosystem services are main tools to control the risks. Hence, it is the utmost priority of BP to implement these kinds of services in their business operations. Based on the provided information from the residents of Gulf region, it can be said that the oil spill significantly affected the deepwater suspension. Apart from this, other problems are also there. They are as follows: Figure 2: Effects of Oil Spills (Source: Fingas 2016) Lack of Regulation Structure to Determine Renovation Cost At the time of the survey of the employees of BP through questionnaire, the employees indicated that with the consistent rise in the demand of oil, the supply of oil also increased. With the increase in the demand and supply of oil, some of the related factors also increased like the number of employees, the number of contracts and many others. On the other hand, with the increase in the demand of oil, the instances of oil spills also massively increased. The data and information collected from the employees of BP can be used to know the projected budget of Deepwater Horizon Oil. Figure 3: Oil Budget of Deepwater Horizon (Source: McNutt et al. 2012) The following chart is a helpful tool to understand the lack of environmental regulation structure of BP. Figure 4: Lack of Environmental Regulation Structure (Source: Cainelli, Mazzanti and Zoboli 2013) Reliability and Accuracy of Data This total research process will be performed based on the collected primary and secondary data. The researcher will not disclose any of the information of the employees. Hence, the respondents can consider that researcher is trustworthy. Conclusion Based on the above discussion, it can be said that BP need to be alert about the negative effect of their business operation on the environment. Hence, the company should employ accurate measures to make the business eco-friendly. With the help of this strategy, the number of incidents of oil spills can be reduced. The fined paid by BP in relation to the oil spill is not sufficient and hence, they need to pay the exact fines. Recommendations It is recommended that BP should adopt the environmental accounting standards in order to measure the exact effects of their business operations on the environment and the ecosystem. It is recommended that BP needs to be more thoughtful about biodiversity. For this regard, the company needs to incorporate remedial measures to protect biodiversity. References Allan, S.E., Smith, B.W. and Anderson, K.A., 2012. Impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on bioavailable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Gulf of Mexico coastal waters.Environmental science technology,46(4), pp.2033-2039. Avel, D., 2014. Positive accounting theory: theoretical and critical perspectives.International Journal of Critical Accounting,6(4), pp.396-415. Bp.com. 2017.Bp.com. [online] Available at: https://www.bp.com [Accessed 23 May. 2017]. Brennan, L.C., 2013.Gulf Oil Spill. ABDO Publishing Company. Cainelli, G., Mazzanti, M. and Zoboli, R., 2013. Environmental performance, manufacturing sectors and firm growth: structural factors and dynamic relationships.Environmental Economics and Policy Studies,15(4), pp.367-387. Fingas, M., 2016.Oil spill science and technology. Gulf professional publishing. Gray, R., Adams, C. and Owen, D., 2014.Accountability, social responsibility and sustainability: Accounting for society and the environment. Pearson Higher Ed. Issacharoff, S. and Rave, D.T., 2013. The BP Oil Spill Settlement and the Paradox of Public Litigation.La. L. Rev.,74, p.397. Kheroubi, B., Benzair, A., Tounsi, A. and Semmah, A., 2016. A new refined nonlocal beam theory accounting for effect of thickness stretching in nanoscale beams.ADVANCES IN NANO RESEARCH,4(4), pp.251-264. Leifer, I., Lehr, W.J., Simecek-Beatty, D., Bradley, E., Clark, R., Dennison, P., Hu, Y., Matheson, S., Jones, C.E., Holt, B. and Reif, M., 2012. State of the art satellite and airborne marine oil spill remote sensing: Application to the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill.Remote Sensing of Environment,124, pp.185-209. McNutt, M.K., Camilli, R., Crone, T.J., Guthrie, G.D., Hsieh, P.A., Ryerson, T.B., Savas, O. and Shaffer, F., 2012. Review of flow rate estimates of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,109(50), pp.20260-20267. Passow, U., Ziervogel, K., Asper, V. and Diercks, A., 2012. Marine snow formation in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.Environmental Research Letters,7(3), p.035301. Silliman, B.R., van de Koppel, J., McCoy, M.W., Diller, J., Kasozi, G.N., Earl, K., Adams, P.N. and Zimmerman, A.R., 2012. Degradation and resilience in Louisiana salt marshes after the BPDeepwater Horizon oil spill.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,109(28), pp.11234-11239. synergiz.fr. (2017).THE FINANCIAL IMPACTS OF BPS RESPONSE TO THE DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL. [online] Available at: https://www.synergiz.fr/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Case-study-BP-gulf-oil.pdf [Accessed 23 May 2017].

Sunday, April 5, 2020

Youth Empowerment free essay sample

Youth empowerment is a process whereby young people gain the ability and authority to make decisions and implement change in their own lives. In Nigeria, youth empowerment occurs in homes, at schools, through youth organizations, government policy-making, reality Tv Shows, and community organizing campaigns. Youth empowerment ranges from economic empowerment to social, Ideological, educational, technological and political empowerment. The term â€Å"youth empowerment† combines two important words (â€Å"youth† and â€Å"empowerment† which must be defined differently. The United Nations, for statistical purposes, defines ‘youth’, as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years. While the Webster Dictionary (1998), defines empowerment in three ways â€Å"(1) to give official authority or legal power to; (2) enable; (3) to promote the self actualization or influence. † The strategy proscribed by the first definition can be quite effective provided that the party being empowered already has the competencies needed to achieve the desired outcome. The strategy does not work well when it is plugged into a framework of youth development in which empowerment itself is being used as a strategy for developing competencies in youth. We will write a custom essay sample on Youth Empowerment or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page , youth empowerment does the following for African youths: The ability to make decisions about personal/collective circumstances, The ability to access information and resources for decision making, Ability to consider a range of options from which to choose Ability to exercise assertiveness in collective decision making, Having positive-thinking about the ability to make change, Ability to learn and access skills for improving personal/collective circumstance. Ability to inform others’ perceptions though exchange, education and engagement. Historically speaking, it is not clear when the term ‘Youth Empowerment’ entered into the Nigerian socio-political and economic vocabulary. The term perhaps, resonates more as an attempt by stakeholders to draw attention to the ecological degradation and economic ‘powerlessness’ of those living in the oil rich Niger Delta area of Nigeria. The Niger Delta youth adopted militant approach to fight for resource control in the region. The Federal Government responded by arresting what they perceive as youth restiveness in the Niger Delta, and hus, introduced various program targeted at diverting the attention of the youths. This might have influenced their use of the term ‘youth empowerment’ as a new vocabulary in governance. In the words of A. Emielu (2008), the concept of youth empowerment in the Niger Delta area could be seen more as a negotiated relationship between government agencies and the ‘restive youths’, born more out of fear of destabilizing the national economy, than by the need to develop the creative potentials of the Nigerian youth. A State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy was launched by the State Government in 2004 as a plan of action aimed at tackling the problems of development in Taraba State. The essence of developing the plan was to reduce poverty, generate employment, create wealth and re-orientate the value system in the State and pave way for sustainable development over a short to medium term from 2005 to 2007. Therefore This research seeks to examine the evolution of youth empowerment in Taraba State with emphasis on young people both in rural and urban areas of the state. If empowering young people means creating and supporting the enabling conditions under which young people can act on their own behalf, and on their own terms, rather than at the direction of others, this study therefore sets out to present a historical analysis of what the Taraba State government has been able to provide since its creation in 1991 to empower the youths. Youth empowerment free essay sample 1, Install Norton 360. 2, Make up the details when it asks to register, It is advised to make note of the email and password. 3, Turn of Norton Tamper Protection. 4, Reboot your computer 5, Continuously press F8 on your keyobard BEFORE the windows is starting screen. 6, Select safe mode with networking 7, Once at the desktop (SAFE MODE) open the trial reset as admin. 8, Select convert and it should automatically restart your computer. 8, Open Norton 360 and it should ask you to log in simply enter the detail you did before or make up new details and now you can enjoy 😀 Yes you can update the program with out any issues. This should work for Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 ! If you have any issues please leave a comment below or send me a message on YouTube. Virus Scan of the setup provided in the link above: If this tutorial helped you please leave a like and if you wish to subscribe for more awesome tutorials 🙂 I do not own the provided applications I have simple shown how to use them for educational purposes. We will write a custom essay sample on Youth empowerment or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural, and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority, and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and the lives of other people, including youth and adults.[1] Youth empowerment is often addressed as a gateway to intergenerational equity, civic engagement and democracy building. Many local, state, provincial, regional, national, and international government agencies and nonprofit community-based organizations provide programs centered on youth empowerment[2]. Activities involved therein may focus on youth-led media, youth rights, youth councils, youth activism, youth involvement in community decision-making[3], and other methods. Everyone seems to be talking about empowerment these days, female empowerment, workers empowerment, and youth empowerment are just some of the phrases that are flying around. But what exactly does that empowerment mean, and how can one apply the concept to their own life? History of Youth Empowerment: The youth empowerment movement started in the 1960s, when students at universities across the United States began to get involved in politics and protests on campus. Even earlier than that, campuses and students had played a large role in the Civil Rights movement and in other political and social movements, but for the first time youth and students began to be seen as political and social actors. In response to the Vietnam War, student protests and organizations sprung up, and students demanded the right to be heard. Since those rebellious days, youth empowerment has calmed down significantly, but it continues to be an important part of childhood development and an essential phase of the transition to adulthood. Typically taking place during High School and college years, the transition is accompanied by increased involvement in student activities and a growing independence in making life choices and choosing a personal direction. At the [continues] Read full essay Youth Empowerment free essay sample Youth empowerment is an attitudinal, structural, and cultural process whereby young people gain the ability, authority, and agency to make decisions and implement change in their own lives and the lives of other people, including youth and adults. [l] Youth empowerment is often addressed as a gateway to intergenerational equity, civic engagement and democracy building. Many local, state, provincial, regional, national, and international government agencies and nonprofit community-based organizations provide programs centered on youth empowerment[2]. Activities nvolved therein may focus on youth-led media, youth rights, youth councils, youth activism, youth involvement in community decision-making[3], and other methods. Everyone seems to be talking about empowerment these days, female empowerment, workers empowerment, and youth empowerment are Just some of the phrases that are flying around. But what exactly does that empowerment mean, and how can one apply the concept to their own life? History of Youth Empowerment: The youth empowerment movement started in the 1960s, when students at universities across the United States began to get involved in politics and protests on ampus. We will write a custom essay sample on Youth Empowerment or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Even earlier than that, campuses and students had played a large role in the Civil Rights movement and in other political and social movements, but for the first time youth and students began to be seen as political and social actors. In response to the Vietnam War, student protests and organizations sprung up, and students demanded the right to be heard. Since those rebellious days, youth empowerment has calmed down significantly, but it continues to be an important part of childhood development and an essential phase of the transition to adulthood. Typically taking place during High School and ollege years, the transition is accompanied by increased involvement in student activities and a growing independence in making life choices and choosing a personal direction. At the same time, young teens making that transition to adulthood learn to make their own decisions and stick by them, and hopefully to learn from their own mistakes. It is a time when young people being to go out into the world on their own and to learn how to succeed on their own terms. How to encourage youth empowerment: Because youth empowerment and personal growth are so important for young people to learn, the process should be encouraged and understood. During this difficult period of transition, young adults often have many questions and issues, and parents and families should try to respond in a sensitive way to the specific needs of the children. One of the most common and beneficial ways to encourage personal growth and empowerment is to give young adults increased responsibilities in their own lives. An after-school Job, for example, can be a great way to teach a growing child about the important of time management, while giving them a chance to earn some personal money. Just as important as letting them take the Job is letting them se the money they earn for the things they like. Secondly, school organizations and clubs are also a place for growing teens to become involved in their community and clubs to a music group can teach your child valuable skills while helping them explore their own interests. Finally, summer internships can also be a valuable way to give children and students work experience and Job skills at a young age. Internships can also get youth thinking about possible career opportunities or directions for their own future, and are a great opportunity for making them feel independent and on their own. Possible problems with youth empowerment: As children grow older and begin to set out on their own path and take charge of their lives, it is common for problems to arise between them and their parents. Often, a rebellious phase accompanies issues of youth empowerment, and a child may feel they need additional space from their family to grown in their own direction and under their own control. The best thing to do in these cases is often for a parent or family to show that they care about heir child and to encourage them to explore on their own, with the support of the family when they need it. Letting children take on their own challenges and treating them with respect and dignity as they do so is likely to bring out a more responsible and respectful attitude in the child themselves. And while giving advice is a common desire by parents who want to spare their children the pain of making mistakes, often learning through trial and error is an integral part of growing up and becoming self-empowered. As children grow up and begin to set out on their own, through youth empowerment and increased self- direction, they should be encouraged and given positive feedback. Being a child is ard enough, especially in the transition to adulthood, and understanding and sensitive parents can be a major help in successfully making that transition. Empowering Youth As I have stated a little while ago, the major thrust of our new National Youth Policy is Youth Empowerment. This is being achieved through various initiatives taken by both the Goverm-nent and Non Governmental Organizations. The reduction of the minimum voting age from 21 to 18 in the year 1989 and a legislative measure taken in 1992 providing for reservation of one third of the seats for women in the village dministrative units called Panachayats have enabled young people and young women to influence the decision making process in the country. Youth participation in the decision making bodies has been considerably enhanced by these decisions. It has been rightly recognized that access to education and training has to be augmented so that youth can develop their competencies. The National Policy of Education(NPE) 1986, has provided for designing both formal and non-formal education programmes involving youth. Our literacy rate has increased to 52. 91 percent in 1991. Today, 94 percent of the rural habitations have school facHities. Gross enrolment ratio at the primary stage has also increased to 100 percent in most of the states. Now we have a goal of Education for All by 2000 A. D. To achieve, this goal, vigorous efforts are being made. The education system is periodically evaluated and curricula updated in accordance with the advancements in Science and Technology. Efforts are also made to make the education relevant to the market needs and economic demands without compromising on the ethical and moral values of education. In the employment sector, the thrust is on providing opportunities for self employment, entrepreneurship development and skill training. Prime Ministers RoJgar YoJana, Jawhar RoJgar YoJana, etc. , have been introduced wherein minimum employment and wage earning opportunities are provided for poor yquth in the rural areas. The initiatives have been further strengthened with the promotion and development of Small Scale Industries. 16 million persons were employed in the small scale sector in 1996-97. An important scheme called, Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment(TRYSEM) is being implemented. Young women re provided training in skills and encouraged to form thrift and micro credit groups. To provide access to information on education, employment and other services, dissemination of information is accorded high priority. Employment guidance and counseling centres have been functioning in the country. Human rights education and awareness on gender equity are being carried out through youth organizations. A National Commission for Women was set up by the Government of India and a National Human Rights Commission had also been set up to advise on the policies and programmes. Young people are involved in health services. India has a well designed health prograrnmes. Young people are involved in creating awareness on health issues, more particularly on drug abuse, HIWAII DS etc. Primary Health Centres and Village Health Guides provide basic health care facilities to the youth. To prevent drug abuse by young people, Government of India has adopted the strategy of supply control and demand reduction of drugs through stringent enforcement of Anti Narcotic Laws, treatment and rehabilitation of addicts and involvement of community and youth in the process. Every generation needs a new revolution. † Thomas Jefferson The young do not know enough to be prudent, and therefore they attempt the impossible, and achieve it, generation after generation. Pearl S. Buck Empowerment can mean many different things. To families on Supernanny, empowerment is learning to use the tools that stabilize their homes. To oppressed women in foreign lands, empowerment is embracing an opportunity to make a choice or participate in government. To youth, empowerment is knowing someones listening to their ideas and recognizing them as valuable members of society. Whether were mayors, teachers, neighbors or parents, we all ave roles to play in empowering youth. We do it † or dont do it- in most interactions we have with young people. On Pass the Torch, I write frequently about how young people take initiative and accomplish outstanding things (case in point- Heather Wilder † you can still vote for her through July 25. ) There are countless examples of youth doing great things, raising money for charity, or making connections for those who cant. But empowering youth is also the small, daily opportunities adults have with young people, to ask their opinions, listen to their ideas, teach them new skills or even follow their lead. Each interaction like this helps kids to find their own voices, to fgure out their strengths, and to pursue what inspires them. In the course of writing the book, Empowering Youth: How to Encourage Young Leaders to Do Great Things, I had the opportunity to interview dozens of inspiring people. One of the most memorable quotes for me, was shared by Julia Hampton, United Way Youth Initiative Coordinator: Empowerment is having confidence because someone has spoken it into you. Its the track coach that gives the helps his son prepare to confront a friend by role-playing the conversation. Its the teacher that notices a students strength in writing and encourages her to submit an essay. Its the business owner that says yes to the kid who asks to place a food drive box in the entry. Its the neighbor that sends her kids to a neighborhood book club to support the 11-year-old whos organizing it. Its every day seeing children, Just as we see adults. Its recognizing their lack of experience or education doesnt mean their input isnt valid. And its a willingness to concede that every once in a while their insight is better than our own.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

The Dark Knight and The Matrix neo-noir characteristics Essays

The Dark Knight and The Matrix neo-noir characteristics Essays The Dark Knight and The Matrix neo-noir characteristics Paper The Dark Knight and The Matrix neo-noir characteristics Paper The Dark Knight and The Matrix neo-noir characteristics Both movies show neo-noir characteristics though both production and story elements. Production elements such as the dark scenes throughout the movie are used to show the contrasting sides to the story. Within both movies it also shows that a friend of the main character dies, and it shows how this may be devastating to the character however they avoid showing emotion or grief as they are determined to finish their quest and do what is right. These characteristics are vital for creating an nagging neo-noir film. The scenes in the matrix were mostly dark when going through out the movie and they show a kind of dark green tint in the movie. There were other parts to the movie that were lighter but there was not many and when there were it was only for a small moments within the movie. The darker parts to the movie showed another side to the movie but it made the movie more contrasting and unexpected. The Dark Knight showed darker scenes because of the main character, Batman who fights crime In a dark and mysterious way. The matrix used the contrasting lighting to show how the light and happy matrix Is a veil over our eyes and the dark real world scenes show the horrifying truth. The dark shades In both movies makes them similar production wise but also very mysterious. In the movie The Dark Knight a friend of the mall character dies (Rachel) and It turns the way the character acts with people around him. Batman only had the choice to go after one either his friend and ex-lover which he cares much for, or Harvey Dent, Asthmas savior. He goes for the character he knows Is more important. In the end he did not grieve that much even though he did truly cared about Rachel. Batman knew he must simply accept It till he has completed his goal at fighting and doing what he Intended to do from the beginning. Within the matrix friends of the mall character Neo Is killed. The characters within the movie do not grieve they Just move on In the hopes of completing their goal of stopping the enemy and saving the day. This Is an Important neo-noel element shown within both films The Dark knight and the Matrix both shows a lot of Neo Noel elements Including a hearted that dies who Is a close friend of the mall character, they grieve but for not that long however they are still determined to continue their quest. Both movies also show noir production elements such as the lighting effects to contrast between the different sides of the story and to create a dark and mysterious atmosphere, the techniques that were displayed In both films are comparable with those of noel films and are considered Neo Noel films because of that. The Dark Knight and The Matrix neo-noir characteristics By brownness wowed darker scenes because of the main character, Batman who fights crime in a light and happy matrix is a veil over our eyes and the dark real world scenes show the horrifying truth. The dark shades in both movies makes them similar production In the movie The Dark Knight a friend of the main character dies (Rachel) and it Harvey Dent, Asthmas savior. He goes for the character he knows is more about Rachel. Batman knew he must simply accept it till he has completed his goal at fighting and doing what he intended to do from the beginning. Within the matrix rinds of the main character Neo is killed. The characters within the movie do not grieve they Just move on in the hopes of completing their goal of stopping the enemy and saving the day. This is an important neo-noir element shown within both films The Dark knight and the Matrix both shows a lot of Neo Noir elements including a character that dies who is a close friend of the main character, they grieve but for not techniques that were displayed in both films are comparable with those of noir films and are considered Neo Noir films because of that.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Health and Safety Practices Plan (Part Six) Health and Safety Research Paper

Health and Safety Practices Plan (Part Six) Health and Safety Monitoring and Final Summary - Research Paper Example It also delivers digital applications such as iPhones, Mac, Apple TV and a portfolio of clients and specialized software applications and does its marketing and selling through online retail stores, direct line stores and direct sales force globally. The involvement of human labor in all the stages necessitates that the company adopts a well-designed safety and health plan targeting improved working conditions for the employees (Karen, 200). Discussion The organization has adopted in the past professional external auditors as well as internal auditors to analyze the capacity of the company to provide safe and healthy environment to workers. Professionalism has been the basis on which the auditors are evaluated on before they are contracted in order to ensure that they deliver on the expected results in order to have the organization improve through the strategic recommendations that are given. Among other findings by the teams in the past has been the non compliance in wearing protec tive gears while working, insufficient installation of fire detection and management kits within the premises as well as poor structural designs which limit exit paths in such times of emergencies like fire outbreaks. The working environment of the apple Inc exposes the workers to various health hazards, which include increased exposure to harmful gases such as n-hexane commonly used to clean appliances’ screens, which have often led to sicknesses in the past. Other unfortunate features within the working conditions in Apple Inc are violence, stress as well as substance abuse. Nevertheless, it is to be acknowledged that the company has had the burden to improve on the health and safety standards of employees and have organized on safety trainings in the past to raise awareness and empower workers through social responsibility. Besides, team awareness campaigns have been in use in the past to address such issues as drug use, stress as well as violence at workplace. Although th e mitigation strategies adopted in the past have not been fully effective, this paper adopts such forms to be the basis of many of our recommendations. This is because with only some improvements, the strategies would be very effective and efficient in mitigating the concerns. Besides, the design and adoption of favorable emergency response plans are quite commendable efforts because they have the capacity to revolutionize the working of the organization greatly. The safety and response plans that have been discussed above are very basic tools for any organization and thus should be embraced and harnessed (Anonymous, 1996). They are basic tools, which show the ethical compliance of any company as it explains responsiveness to regulations within an organization, prevention mechanisms on injuries and illnesses, emergency plans as well as social responsibility. Besides ethics dictate that companies take up the role of investigating non compliance with such predefined tools by workers a nd the subsequent adoption of appropriate measures in order to ensure that the standards of compliant employees is guaranteed. Ethics are fundamental in management of any business entity as well as such companies as the Apple Inc. Based on the previously discussed safety, illness and response plans, the company has the ethical responsibilities to ensure that regulations and procedures are adhered to. This is not